Improve Your Smile With Porcelian Veneers

Posted on 29th July 2015 by in Health

IMPROVE YOUR SMILE WITH PORCELIAN VENEERS

by

ajay negi

A porcelain veneer is a thin shell of heat-fired porcelain that is custom made to fit your teeth. They are separate veneers of porcelain that are bonded to the teeth. The patient flosses, brushes and eats usually. Whatever the requirement or desires of the patient, veneers can be an effectual cosmetic solution that will last for many years.

The objectives of porcelain veneers are to improve the health and look of the teeth. Porcelain veneers can seem to be completely natural and whiten dark yellow stained teeth or tetracycline stained teeth. Teeth can be whiter and straighter looking. The shape of teeth can be improved, lengthened, shortened, fuller or less full, be more round or bolder looking. If your teeth are crooked, but not crooked enough to justify wearing braces for any length of time, resolve the circumstance with porcelain veneers.

YouTube Preview Image

Porcelain veneers will go unnoticed in your new smile. Light shines on the porcelain, move through the translucent top layer and reveal off of the layer below, which is the dental bonding that keeps the veneer linked to the tooth. The light can\’t travel through the bonding, like the dentin of a natural tooth, so it bounces back, recreating the same pearly sheen seen on natural tooth enamel. Your smile will look as usual as ever before. The shape of a Porcelain Veneer will differ in order to fix various tooth defects.

The method for Porcelain Veneers needs only two visits. In the first visit, your teeth are prepared, and an imprint is taken of your mouth. The imprint is sent to the dental lab where the porcelain veneers are made especially for you and your requirement. Temporary veneers are available while you wait the one to two weeks until your second visit. In your second visit to your cosmetic dentist, your recent Porcelain Veneers are temporarily attached to the teeth, fine-tuned, and then permanently linked.

Porcelain Veneers are an easy simple in-office cosmetic procedure. Porcelain veneers are such a great alternative for everyone who wants to better their smile. The best feature of porcelain veneers is that your smile looks real with them in place. Porcelain veneers can radically modify the way you look, and most probably will change the method you feel about yourself. They provide an ongoing long-lasting, natural finish to give you a beautiful, attractive natural looking smile for years.

An Author is a Contributor writer for the website and plays major role for the website –

Dentist Cheshire CT

,

Cosmetic Dentist Cheshire CT

,

Dental Office Cheshire CT

Article Source:

ArticleRich.com

Comments:Southampton City Council votes against water fluoridation

Posted on 28th July 2015 by in Uncategorized

Back to article

This page is for commentary on the news. If you wish to point out a problem in the article (e.g. factual error, etc), please use its regular collaboration page instead. Comments on this page do not need to adhere to the Neutral Point of View policy. Please remain on topic and avoid offensive or inflammatory comments where possible. Try thought-provoking, insightful, or controversial. Civil discussion and polite sparring make our comments pages a fun and friendly place. Please think of this when posting.

…then petition with your wallets. Their customers have spoken and they don’t care because they know they don’t have to. If enough people refuse to pay their water bills until fluoridation stops then I’m sure they’ll start listening.

Or you might just end up like the tax protestors in the U.S. and take it to court. Be sure to be litigants in person and include lots of pseudolegal arguments. Dental cavities are a human right! Fight the power!

If a person wishes to have a dental cavity, yes, it is an absolute human right that they be permitted to have one if they so choose.

do people have right to impose dental cavities on their children too? –187.40.241.221 (talk) 08:38, 22 September 2011 (UTC)

That sounds like child abuse to me.

This really is a no-brainer; fluoridation is perfectly safe (as evidenced by its widespread use elsewhere, Birmningham being a very good example) and is sorely needed in our area. Let’s allow the health professionals to do their jobs, and not let a bunch of Daily Mail reading busybodies impede the future health of our children.

5-year old American girl dies after visiting the dentist

Posted on 27th July 2015 by in Uncategorized

Friday, September 29, 2006 

Diamond Brownridge, a 5-year old girl from Chicago, Illinois, has died after a visit to the dentist. Children’s Memorial Hospital officials say that the girl was rushed to the hospital when she never woke up after being sedated for a dental procedure. She had been in a coma, on life support, since being admitted to the hospital early in the weekend.

“She passed very peacefully and beautifully,” said the hospital in a statement that the family issued.

Ommettress Travis, the mother of the girl, was asked not to remain inside the room while dentists were operating on the girl to repair two cavities and to have at least two caps replaced. Travis says after thirty minutes she was asked to come back in and found Brownridge not breathing, in the dentist chair.

Hicham Riba, a specialist and professional in anesthesia, who was also licensed, was the dentist in charge of the procedure.

“My family and I are so sad. May God bless Diamond and her family. Every time you have a tragedy like this, you pray more. I don’t think I will ever go back to a normal life after an experience like this,” Riba said in a statement on Wednesday, September 28.

According to the family, the girl had been given at least a triple dose of medicine that sedated her. Those drugs include: nitrous oxide gas, a single dose of an “oral agent” and an IV.

A judge has ordered that all equipment and materials used during the operation be protected and examined. The girl’s medical records have also been ordered to be examined.

There is no word on whether or not any charges will be filed against Riba or any of the dentist’s staff.

5-year old American girl dies after visiting the dentist

Posted on 24th July 2015 by in Uncategorized

Friday, September 29, 2006 

Diamond Brownridge, a 5-year old girl from Chicago, Illinois, has died after a visit to the dentist. Children’s Memorial Hospital officials say that the girl was rushed to the hospital when she never woke up after being sedated for a dental procedure. She had been in a coma, on life support, since being admitted to the hospital early in the weekend.

“She passed very peacefully and beautifully,” said the hospital in a statement that the family issued.

Ommettress Travis, the mother of the girl, was asked not to remain inside the room while dentists were operating on the girl to repair two cavities and to have at least two caps replaced. Travis says after thirty minutes she was asked to come back in and found Brownridge not breathing, in the dentist chair.

Hicham Riba, a specialist and professional in anesthesia, who was also licensed, was the dentist in charge of the procedure.

“My family and I are so sad. May God bless Diamond and her family. Every time you have a tragedy like this, you pray more. I don’t think I will ever go back to a normal life after an experience like this,” Riba said in a statement on Wednesday, September 28.

According to the family, the girl had been given at least a triple dose of medicine that sedated her. Those drugs include: nitrous oxide gas, a single dose of an “oral agent” and an IV.

A judge has ordered that all equipment and materials used during the operation be protected and examined. The girl’s medical records have also been ordered to be examined.

There is no word on whether or not any charges will be filed against Riba or any of the dentist’s staff.

Inexpensive Life Insurance With Sufficient Coverage To Choose From

Posted on 24th June 2015 by in Real Estate

Submitted by: David J Livingston

Given the present economic situation of most countries, there is a high percentage of consumers in search of inexpensive goods the same way with finding inexpensive life insurance. It is true that when it comes to the family s welfare, it doesn t matter if we spend more or less. We naturally think of their future life, particularly when we are no longer around to support them financially. One good move is to obtain that life insurance which will surely change our lives as we move on.

Life insurance plans have two primary categories, permanent and non-permanent policies. Among these, the term life is the most preferred by many individuals because of its very affordable premiums. However, unlike whole life, it can only offer protection and nothing more. Also, that coverage can only be enjoyed for only a certain period of time which spans usually from one to thirty years. Whole life on the other hand will even allow you to save money through a separate account that accrues cash over time.

Another drawback of term plans is there is a possibility that you will outlive it. In such cases, the carrier will not of course pay out the death benefit since the insured did not die. However, you would not be able to get your money back either unless you bought return of premiums rider. Bear in mind that you need to be in great shape if you want to apply for this type of policy. Since you will be paying for limited premiums, the insurer will not afford to take more risk than they can.

If indeed you have terminal disease, you should not lie before your insurance provider as you will be found out sooner or later as you go through their thorough screening process upon your application and before they pay out the death benefit. It is your best bet to purchase affordable no medical exam term life. As its name suggests, it will not subject you to medical tests as your health will not have a bearing on the underwriting process.

YouTube Preview Image

Here are a handful of tips that can give you a hand in getting cheap to run term plans.

*Get it while you are still young.

*Make an effort that you are in tiptop shape when you apply to make a good impression to underwriters.

*Shop around for term plans for a while and weigh your options carefully.

*Make certain that your plan caters to all your needs or there d be no point in purchasing the plan.

Many people all over the world believe in the protection that the universal life or seguros de vida universal , in Spanish, can offer. People believe in its premium rate flexibility wherein they can select the amount they prefer to compensate for the policy coverage. Those people who do not wish to be insured at a given period of time are suited for this type of life insurance. It is important that the client believes in the policy that he or she has chosen because his or her existence relies on this insurance.IIf you have more budget, you may consider buying seguros de vida universal or simply universal life. Compared with whole life, its premiums are more manageable. With this plan, you can enjoy the advantages for permanent policies at least expensive rates. Apart from the lifetime protection that it can provide you, it has tons of other advantages. One of which is maximum flexibility when it comes to payment schemes and investment options. If you want to get the best possible deal, you can try seeking help from independent insurance agents and brokers.

Regardless of the type of inexpensive life insurance or seguros de vida usa, you ought to bear in mind that there are vital factors beyond the mere quotes that you needs your attention. One of which is the background of the insurer that you will deal with. Its financial reliability and its legitimacy should be examined in order to make sure that the money that you will pay to them is in good hands and that your family can indeed look forward to the protection that it promised. Work with concerned agencies to verify the insurer s authenticity. In addition, take a good look to their financial records to see how they stand financially.

If this is the first time to purchase term plan, maybe it will be your best bet to hire the professional services of trustworthy and independent agents and brokers. They will extend extra services but you would of course have to pay them commission. They will be more than willing to help you from the mundane task of filling out the essential forms to addressing your questions. They will attend to anything that may confuse you. What s more, they can give you a hand with finding rates that are way lower than what prevails in the market.

It doesn t matter much whether or not your life insurance is inexpensive. What you ought to make certain is that the policy you bought can address all your requirements. Otherwise, you will miss the point the purpose of procuring a life policy.

About the Author: As advised by David Livingston, in order to make the best decision possible, you need to fully equip yourself with all the information before taking the non recourse action.

Here’s an article

for more information on your desired policies or visit his site for other specific information such as

life insurance quote term

today.

Source:

isnare.com

Permanent Link:

isnare.com/?aid=1568770&ca=Finances

Kentucky faith-based agency under fire for religious coercion

Posted on 23rd June 2015 by in Uncategorized

Saturday, May 5, 2007 

A lawsuit filed by a former employee of Kentucky Baptist Homes for Children (now Sunrise Children’s Services) and four other tax-payers, has shed light on the possibility of religious coercion by the organization. The lawsuit challenges the faith-based agency’s eligibility for state funds.

Specifically, interviews of children conducted by the state of Kentucky have revealed complaints from some of the children. Mainly, children who said they were Catholic, Pentecostal, Jehovah’s Witnesses or atheist voiced complaints in the interviews.

“They tried to more [or] less force me to become a Christian,” said one child in an exit interview. “I just felt I was being pressured into giving up my religion.”

Another child reported s/he was “not allowed to choose when or when not to attend a religious service,” per the interview, and was told “‘to do’ some type of Bible study during that time or get consequences.”

Both the Commonwealth of Kentucky and Sunrise say there is a strict policy against proselytizing in the program and that it does not prevent children from practising their individual faiths.

They also stress that these complaints number merely a “handful” among the approximately 1,500 children that are served by the faith-based agency.

“If a child says, ‘I don’t want to go to the Baptist church,’ then the child does not go,” Jonathan Goldberg, the state’s attorney, said. Some children might have mistankenly believed they were forced to go, he added.

The plaintiffs are seeking to have the interviews unsealed, at least in the cases where the child is now 18 years of age or older. The state and Sunrise argue they need to be kept confidential.

The lawsuit originated with Alicia Pedreira, who was fired in 2000. She alleges her firing was direct result of Sunrise (then Kentucky Baptist Homes for Children) finding out she is a lesbian.

Sunrise Children’s Services provides residential programs and foster care homes for children that have suffered abuse or neglect. Since 2001, Kentucky has paid Sunrise US$61 million to provide the services for children who would otherwise be in direct state custody.

In 2001, the state did find cause for action against one of Sunrise’s homes to fix “a coercive religious environment” where staff members confirmed that church attendance was required.

With accusations of undue pressure by a Christian agency funded by the state, the Sunrise case bears some similitude to the lawsuit against Iowa for paying Chuck Colson’s evangelical agency to run part of its prison.

Last June, U.S. District Judge Robert W. Pratt strongly reprimanded and ruled against Iowa’s use of a Christian social service agency to administer its prison. Judge Pratt stated: “For all practical purposes, the state has literally established an Evangelical Christian congregation within the walls of one of its penal institutions… There are no adequate safeguards present, nor could there be, to ensure that state funds are not being directly spent to indoctrinate Iowa inmates.”

The Iowa ruling is pending appeal.

Critics point to both of these cases as failures of George W. Bush’s faith-based services initiative. The program is often seen as conflicting with the tradition of separation of church and state in the United States.

Kentucky faith-based agency under fire for religious coercion

Posted on 22nd June 2015 by in Uncategorized

Saturday, May 5, 2007 

A lawsuit filed by a former employee of Kentucky Baptist Homes for Children (now Sunrise Children’s Services) and four other tax-payers, has shed light on the possibility of religious coercion by the organization. The lawsuit challenges the faith-based agency’s eligibility for state funds.

Specifically, interviews of children conducted by the state of Kentucky have revealed complaints from some of the children. Mainly, children who said they were Catholic, Pentecostal, Jehovah’s Witnesses or atheist voiced complaints in the interviews.

“They tried to more [or] less force me to become a Christian,” said one child in an exit interview. “I just felt I was being pressured into giving up my religion.”

Another child reported s/he was “not allowed to choose when or when not to attend a religious service,” per the interview, and was told “‘to do’ some type of Bible study during that time or get consequences.”

Both the Commonwealth of Kentucky and Sunrise say there is a strict policy against proselytizing in the program and that it does not prevent children from practising their individual faiths.

They also stress that these complaints number merely a “handful” among the approximately 1,500 children that are served by the faith-based agency.

“If a child says, ‘I don’t want to go to the Baptist church,’ then the child does not go,” Jonathan Goldberg, the state’s attorney, said. Some children might have mistankenly believed they were forced to go, he added.

The plaintiffs are seeking to have the interviews unsealed, at least in the cases where the child is now 18 years of age or older. The state and Sunrise argue they need to be kept confidential.

The lawsuit originated with Alicia Pedreira, who was fired in 2000. She alleges her firing was direct result of Sunrise (then Kentucky Baptist Homes for Children) finding out she is a lesbian.

Sunrise Children’s Services provides residential programs and foster care homes for children that have suffered abuse or neglect. Since 2001, Kentucky has paid Sunrise US$61 million to provide the services for children who would otherwise be in direct state custody.

In 2001, the state did find cause for action against one of Sunrise’s homes to fix “a coercive religious environment” where staff members confirmed that church attendance was required.

With accusations of undue pressure by a Christian agency funded by the state, the Sunrise case bears some similitude to the lawsuit against Iowa for paying Chuck Colson’s evangelical agency to run part of its prison.

Last June, U.S. District Judge Robert W. Pratt strongly reprimanded and ruled against Iowa’s use of a Christian social service agency to administer its prison. Judge Pratt stated: “For all practical purposes, the state has literally established an Evangelical Christian congregation within the walls of one of its penal institutions… There are no adequate safeguards present, nor could there be, to ensure that state funds are not being directly spent to indoctrinate Iowa inmates.”

The Iowa ruling is pending appeal.

Critics point to both of these cases as failures of George W. Bush’s faith-based services initiative. The program is often seen as conflicting with the tradition of separation of church and state in the United States.

Wikinews interviews Indiana State Senator Mike Delph

Posted on 21st June 2015 by in Uncategorized

Saturday, March 29, 2014 

File:Senator Mike Delph 2014.jpg

On Wikinews, we have an exclusive audio interview with Indiana State Senator Mike Delph.

Today is Thursday, March 27, 2014. I am Chad Tew and we are here in The Edge radio studios with my journalism students and recording from the campus of the University of Southern Indiana.

This is Wikinews.

Indiana State Senator Mike Delph is a Republican who represents the northwest side of Indianapolis and Carmel, as well as Zionsville, Indiana.

After being selected to finish former State Senator J. Murray Clark’s final term in 2005, Mike Delph has served two full terms for District 29 in the Indiana State Senate. He is currently facing re-election this fall. His opponent is likely to be Democrat JD Ford, who is running as an openly gay candidate.

Senator Delph has also been considered in the past for US Congress but he declined to run, and he has already been mentioned in the Indiana media as a possible candidate for any potential opening in the US Senate in 2016. He is widely known across the state of Indiana for both his Arizona-style legislation on immigration and his support of traditional marriage.

During the legislative session this year, Senator Delph made what is known in Indiana as the “tweet heard around the world”. The tweet announced the defeat of a proposed amendment to the Indiana State Constitution in a form that would have banned civil unions. Senate leader David Long punished Delph because of this tweet on the grounds that it concerned confidential caucus information. What exactly took place in that Republican caucus and between Senator Delph and Senator Long is currently unknown to the public.

WN Tew: State Senator Delph good morning and welcome to Wikinews.

WN Chad Tew: Here with our first question is Ashely Jones Phillips. Jones Phillips: Hi! Good morning, Senator Mike Delph. My name Is Ashley Jones-Phillips. The first question that I have is, I wanted to know if you can tell me a little bit about your parents, where are you from, and where were you were raised and born?

WN Jones Phillips: Can you tell where you went to school at?

WN Tew: And those degrees are in …?

WN And lastly I want to know, how did you become interested in politics?

WN Hello Senator Delph, I’m Sara Behnke. We were wanting to know about your family and your work outside of the Indiana Senate.

WN Behnke: We understand that you and your wife home educate your children. How did you decide to home educate your children?

WN Behnke: What is your religious affliation?

WN Hello Senator Delph, I’m Jerrilyn Thompson, and I have a question for you. The Sagamore of the Wabash Award, you were awarded that in 2005. And this honorary award is awarded by the Governor. And what did you do to get this honor?

WN Thompson: Okay, just a few more questions. You had mentioned earlier about the role that Congressman Dan Burton had played in your life, could you please talk a little bit more about that?

WN Thompson: Okay one last question from me. What was your father and mother’s relationship with former congressman Dan Burton?

WN Jordan Mornout: You ended up losing your first campaign when you sought the nomination for Indiana’s Secretary of State in 2002. Of course, your opponents that year were impressive, but can you tell us from your perspective about the dramatic finish to that nomination?

WN Tew: And, in fact, you were both competing for [Senator Richard] Lugar’s office.

WN Yes.

WN Tew: Let’s pause for a brief identification.

WN Chad Tew: This is Wikinews. It is March 27, 2014, and we are here in the radio studio of The Edge speaking to Indiana State Senator Mike Delph by telephone. Here with our next question is Justin Law.

WN Law: Senator Delph, your opposition to same-sex marriage and your public expression of love for your brother Stephen has us wondering about how you reconcile what seems to some as contradictory stances. Could you explain to us your philosophical stand on homosexuality and support of traditional marriage?

WN Tew: Senator, your brother said on the air that you had set him up on a date. And you denied that. Could you just briefly talk about this?

WN Bobby Shipman: Senator Delph, this is Bobby speaking now. HJR-3 — the proposed constitutional amendment that would have banned same-sex marriage and civil unions? You said it was the best environment right now. Why is this the right time for HJR-3?

WN Shipman: With the polls in Indiana showing a change in public opinion over the past several years that is more favorable to the acceptance of same-sex marriage, do you think it’s going to be harder to support traditional marriage in the future?

WN Shipman: Since the amendment would have had a long lasting consequences on Hoosiers, didn’t the process work this time?

WN Tew: But there is also the Supreme Court that the legislature would have to deal with any kind of decision that’s made between now and when they act next.

WN Devyn Curry: Can you briefly give us your version of the chronology from the time you made the “tweet heard around the world” to the time when you were punished for the tweet.

WN Curry: What were you trying to convey to the public through the media at the press conference?

WN Curry: Senator, did you violate caucus rules of secrecy?

WN Senator, Chad Tew here. Who leaked the information about your punishment to the media?

WN Tew: Concerning your punishment, you’ve had a number of disagreements over the years with Senate leader David Long. Does Senate leader David Long serve the Republicans in the state senate or do they serve him?

WN Tew: Thank you, Senator. Let’s pause for identification.

WN Chad Tew: Mike Delph, a Republican who represents parts of Indianapolis, Carmel and Zionsville is with us this morning for an exclusive interview. It is March 27, 2014, and this is Wikinews. Welcome back, Senator.

WN Rachel Christian: Senator Delph, you have been labeled as a social conservative. Where do you believe you fall on the political spectrum?

WN Bradie Gray: Recently, political commentator Brian Howey wrote about your senate district. Is it fair to say that your district is not socially conservative, that your stand on HJR-3 might not been aligned with your constituents, and that the Democrats see your seat as an opportunity.

WN Casie Mathies: Senator, this is Casie, how important are the business or establishment Republicans in your district and do you stand in danger of alienating them with your stands on HJR-3?

WN Sean Kerchief: Your likely opponent in next fall’s election, JD Ford, says he stands for, quote, equality. Do you?

WN Keisha Wright: Senator Delph, What are the political stands that are going to provide the sharpest contrast between you and your likely political opponent, JD Ford this fall?

WN Tew: Just a short question. You started your military service in what year?

WN Tew: And you were promoted to major when?

WN Meredith Harris: You have been considered for higher offices. What qualities do you have to offer not only your district, but voters all over Indiana?

WN Tew: Just briefly, senator. Your passage of the local government initiative that would allow governments to merge was very successful in your district, but not successful elsewhere around Indiana. What was it about your district that made it unique in that it decided to merge?

WN Tew: Thank you, senator. And, let’s pause for identification.

WN This is Wikinews, and we are back with Senator Mike Delph. I am Chad Tew, and we are here at The Edge radio studios with my journalism students and recording from the campus of the University of Southern Indiana, in Evansville. Our first question will come from Jordan.

WN Jordan Bayes: Hi, Senator Delph, Jordan Bayes speaking. What ever became of the military investigation of you and the soldier who appeared by you at a press conference?

WNTew: And you were never punished for that, for the record?

WNTew: Yes, and then you were successfully promoted.

WN Bayes: Tim Durham, who is now serving a 50-year sentence for running a Ponzi scheme in Indiana, was a major donator to Republicans, including your campaign. Former Governor Daniels for instance received almost $200,000 dollars. You were the first to give money back donated by Durham in 2011 after he was charged, which was $10,000 dollars. However you kept money donated by BP after the Deepwater Horizon spill in 2010. What kind of money do you think should be given back, and what kinds do you think are alright to keep?

WN Dennis Marshall is here with our last question tonight, Dennis —

WN Dennis: Senator you are well known for your support of the single class basketball here in Indiana, why is that such an important issue for you?

WN Tew: You were a wrestler, too?

WN Tew: Senator, were you a wrestler?

WN Tew: Thank you Senator. This has been an exclusive interview with Mike Delph. Thank you very much Senator for being with us tonight and speaking to fifteen journalism students and myself…

This has been an exclusive audio Wikinews interview with Indiana State Senator Mike Delph. To receive the latest news, please visit wikinews.org, presenting up-to-date, relevant, newsworthy and entertaining content without bias. Wikinews is a free service and it is funded by your generous donations. Click on the donate link on our homepage to learn how you can contribute. This recording has been released under the Creative Commons 2.5 License.

Apostille The International Notarization

Posted on 3rd June 2015 by in Lawyers And Law Firms

Apostille – The International Notarization

by

Kenneth Edelstein

Fourth in a series of articles on the Notary Profession. This article covers the

Apostille

, which provides a methodology for the International acceptance of Notarizations. Targeted to personal needs, as opposed to business transactions; signatory nations agreed to honor Apostille bearing instruments as if the underlying notarization occurred within their own boarders. The primary effect was to shift “Authentication” of the notarization from the receiving country’s Embassy/Consulate to the sending country’s State Department or other authorized body.

At The Hague “Convention of 5 October 1961 Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents”, 90+ sovereign nations agreed to accept notarized documents, (and documents from numerous other officials); without the need for the more complex and expensive Legalization process. The Legalization process required documents to be processed at the “target” country’s Consulate or Embassy. The Apostille processing is done in the country of origination. Legalization is still required for numerous business related documents.

YouTube Preview Image

A practical example will clarify the use of the Apostille. Mr. Smith, living in New York City wishes to sell his house in Argentina. He contacts an attorney in Argentina to handle the sale for him. The attorney will require a Power of Attorney (POA) from Mr. Smith giving the attorney authority to sign Mr. Smith’s name on various documents. The Argentine authorities require the POA to be notarized. One option for Mr. Smith is to fly to Argentina, and sign the POA in front of a notary in Argentina. An alternative is for Mr. Smith to sign the POA in the presence of a New York notary; and have an Apostille affixed to the document, then ship the Apostille

bearing POA to his Argentine attorney. Both procedures are legally equivalent.

A clear distinction between the truthfulness of the content of a document and the validity of the signature must be stressed. Responsibility for the content rests with the person signing the document. An example would be an affidavit, or sworn statement. The affiant’s signature, in response to the Notary Oath, (…and that the statements are true and accurate to the best of your knowledge…), establishes the truthfulness of the document. The Notary’s stamp and embosser attest to the notary’s verification of the affiant’s identification. The notary has no requirement to read or validate the content of the document, only the signature. Once the document is notarized, (the notary should take care to use both stamp and embosser), the document can be submitted for Apostille processing.

Not every document qualifies for Apostille Processing. The rules vary greatly with local authorities. In New York, a student’s sworn statement that the attached transcript of grades (even if it is an original from their school) is not acceptable for Apostille processing – if the school is located in New York. The state requires the Registrar’s signature to be notarized, not the student’s. However, if the school is located outside of the City of New York, the student’s statement does qualify to receive an Apostille. A similar requirement applies to Birth, Death and Marriage documents – only the signature of the official (handwritten) directly responsible for creating the “certified copy” can be notarized for Apostille processing.

The Apostille represents the end of a chain of verifications. First, the Notary inspects the credentials of the affiant and notarizes the document. Next, the authority (signature and commission expiration date) of the notary is verified by local officials, adding a document attesting to the validity of the notary’s signature and seal. Finally, in the case of New York, the Secretary of State, of the State of New York; acting under authority of the Secretary of State of the United States; adds an Apostille to the document. That Apostille is internationally recognized (by signatory nations) as having an authentic and checked signature. I must emphasize that the Apostille adds nothing to the credibility of the content of the document.

Most of my work obtaining Apostles involves “notarial acts” as permitted by the Convention. These notarizations are often the cause of processing rejection. It is absolutely essential that the underlying “base” notarization be completed perfectly! The next step, after notarization, involves a very close scrutiny of the notarization itself. The slightest flaw will cause rejection. Each state has slightly different requirements for proper notarization. It is common that the “venue”, or location where the notarization was done be included and a statement by the notary as to the date and name of the affiant. Also, vital for acceptance is a clear notary stamp, with accurate commission expiration date. Embossing should be done on any notarization that is going out of state. The notary must perform the initial notarization correctly; as frequently the affiants are not available for a redo and re-sign.

Some countries, Canada for example; are not signatory to the Hague Convention regarding Apostles. For these nations the processing is exactly the same; however, they are issued a document entitled “Certification” in lieu of an Apostille. At the final step, when the Apostille application is presented with the document; the “target country of use” must be stated. Actually, the Apostille is not specific to a country. The question is asked to determine if an Apostille or Certification should be issued. If an application is submitted for Finland, the Apostille issued is just as valid in Malta.

Thus, the Apostille bearing instrument can achieve near worldwide acceptance. The Apostille (issued at the Sovereign Nation level); verifies the authenticity of the local officials, who in turn verified the validity of the notary. And, that notary initially checked the ID of the person signing the document. It would be impractical if not impossible for a foreign official to conduct such a validation. The presence of the internationally recognized and hard to counterfeit (due to gold seal and embossing) Apostille; facilitates the acceptance of documents for Hague member states.

http://kenneth-a-edelstein.com

Kenneth A Edelstein is a Notary Public in New York City. Graduate of Pace University, retired from Merrill Lynch.

Formerly LAN manager / PC desktop support specialist. Hobbies are Ham Radio, Camping, Motorcycle Riding Firm believer that everyone should guarantee their work. kenneth-a-edelstein.com

Article Source:

ArticleRich.com

Female lawyers to be granted court access in Saudi Arabia

Posted on 3rd June 2015 by in Uncategorized

Tuesday, February 23, 2010 

Female lawyers in Saudi Arabia may soon be granted limited court access for the first time. Mohammed al-Issa, the justice minister, said that the law was part of King Abdullah’s ongoing reform to Saudi Arabia’s judicial system. The law would allow female lawyers to represent other women at family-related cases, including marriage, divorce, and child custody.

Saudi women that are educated in law are currently permitted to work in the female section of government and court offices. Positions of higher authority are reserved for the opposite sex. The Saudi government is also building specialized “personal status” or family courts where female lawyers will be permitted to practice.

Women rights are strictly defined by Islamic Sharia law in Saudi Arabia. Employment and educational opportunities are dependent on a system of male guardianship. For example, a female under the age of 45 must gain the approval of a male before traveling.

According to the BBC, the law and other minor changes are steps in the direction of easing restrictions placed on Saudi women.